STEMI: ST-Elevation Myocardial Infarction; LAD: Left Anterior Descending Artery; OCT: Optical Coherence Tomography.
A 49-year-old healthy man with a history of exogenous anabolic steroid use presented with acute anterolateral ST-Elevation Myocardial Infarction (STEMI). Coronary angiography revealed an 80% thrombotic occlusion of the proximal Left Anterior Descending Artery (LAD) without angiographic disease in other coronary arteries. Optical Coherence Tomography (OCT) imaging of the LAD, performed after improved flow with aspiration thrombectomy, revealed residual red thrombus. Following repeat aspiration thrombectomy, OCT imaging showed complete resolution of thrombus and no evidence of plaque rupture, ulceration, or dissection. A decision was therefore made to treat with dual antiplatelet therapy without stent placement. A literature review reveals rare but similar cases of young patients on anabolic steroids presenting with STEMI who were treated with aspiration thrombectomy and medical therapy alone. However, there are no randomized controlled trials to support this methodology. It is important to recognize the possible hypercoagulable effects of anabolic steroids in acute coronary syndromes. In conclusion, ours may be the first reported case illustrating the use of OCT after aspiration thrombectomy as a valuable tool to avoid stent placement in young anabolic steroid-related STEMI patients without evidence of plaque disruption.
Acute coronary syndrome; ST-segment elevation myocardial infarction; Optical coherence tomography imaging; Aspiration thrombectomy.
Cite this article
Goodwin RP, Tahir H, Baljepally G, Baljepally R. Optical coherence tomography imaging of anterior descending artery thrombosis in a young bodybuilder. Clin Case Rep J. 2021;2(3):1.
© 2021 Rachel P. Goodwin. This is an open access article distributed under the terms of the Creative Commons Attribution 4.0 International License (CC BY-4.0).